One of the inherited problems that can affect your puppy is
This disease affects the dog's immune system and  can
cause problems when that system is challenged by an
infection or following a vaccination.
There is no specific cure for this inherited disease.


The infection may take many forms, and may include:

* Pneumonia and upper airway infections
* Gastro-enteritis, vomiting and diarrhoea
* Dermatitis, dry or weepy infections, or parasitic infestatiions
* Generalised lymph node enlargement (enlarged glands)
* Arthritis, recurrent fevers of unknown origin

This may result in a puppy which has retarded growth and generalised wasting.
The hallmark of this disease appears to be the recurrent nature of the infection(s)
and therefore the dog or puppy will be seen to be forever getting one
infection after another. 

Research suggests that these dogs have a white blood cell problem
which prevents them from successfully coping with infections, which
from time to time, occur in normal dogs.


The age of onset ranges from 3 - 42 months, with most dogs first exhibiting
symptoms from 3 - 10 months of age.  It may be very difficult for
a Veterinarian to pick up this disease in the early stages as it mimics
a simple infection.  It is the recurrent nature of these infections which
alert the well informed Veterinarian to the possibility of


Specific blood testing is not currently available in Australia and would
be very expensive if it was.  A screening procedure is currently
being worked on, but at this time there is no specific test.
IgG & IgM blood tests are proving useful but not
necessarily definitive and appear to give some indication
that the individual may be affected.
The results of these tests may be either elevated or
reduced below the normal levels of unaffected individuals.

Over the course of nearly 10 years several dogs have been
treated with drug combinations and many were able to lead relatively
normal lives.  This has given new hope to those owners which have
affected dogs.

The IgG and IgM screening tests and careful pedigree analysis
together with a heightened awareness of this condition amongst
breeders and the general public alike have led to a significant
reduction in the frequency of this disease.


It is hoped that over the next few years, responsible breeders
will continue with their selective breeding programmes
and hopefully such efforts will see the eradication of this
disease in Australia.

Dr. J. D. Jedwab BVMS., BSc. Hons. (Phys.)
(January 2003 - Copyright reserved & reprinted with permission)
Contact: 6 Thomas Street Hampton Victoria 3188
Ph: (03) 9521 0211